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Early Year Foundation Stage

Welcome to EYFS at Gorseland Primary School

The Early Years Foundation Stage is where children begin their journey through school. Starting in Nursery and continued in Reception, children are encouraged through a variety of learning techniques to develop their skills and personality.




The 7 Areas of Learning and Development


Personal, Social and Emotional Development



PSED is critical for young children in all aspects of their lives and gives them the best opportunity for success in the other areas of learning. We provide experiences where the children can build relationships with their peers and adults, learn about rules and behaviour, gain an awareness of their feelings and of others and their feelings, learn how to care for themselves and begin to learn about their own and other cultures. PSED allows children to develop as individuals and to help them to embrace differences in gender, ethnicity, religion, special educational needs and disabilities.

Communication and Language Development



This area helps children develop all the necessary skills in getting ready to read, write and communicate effectively when they are older. We use lots of different approaches including action rhymes and finger plays, stories with repeated language, listening to story CDs. These opportunities enable children to develop their listening and attention, ability to speak clearly and widen their understanding of words. C&L is an aspect of the curriculum that is infused across all areas of learning.

Physical Development



Physical development in Reception is about improving skills of coordination, control, manipulation and movement. It helps children to gain confidence in their ability, enabling them to feel the positive benefits of being healthy and active. They learn to move with confidence in a variety of ways, with imagination and in safety. Children are taught to consider the space around them and to consider the space of others. They consider the importance of keeping healthy and identify the things, which contribute to this. Children learn to recognise the changes that happen to their bodies when they are active. Fine motor skills and hand-eye coordination form an equally important part of Physical development. Children learn to use a range of small and large equipment safely and with increasing control.

Literacy Development



In Literacy the children are encouraged to make marks in a wide variety of ways including using chalks, water and brushes, gel and foam trays, wet and dry sand and also using different sized pencils and pens. Alongside the mark making the children are taught the phonemes (sounds of letters) and graphemes (the letter written down) in a particular order that enables children to write and read familiar words and make attempts of others.

Mathematics Development



This area of leaning focuses on numbers, learning to calculate and gain an awareness of shapes, measures and solving problems. The children will be engaged in activities including number rhymes, singing, clapping, painting patterns, building structures, playing games. Numbers can be labels and are in the world around the children, houses, cars… we use these experiences to help then to learn to recognise, form and know number names. The children will learn to count numbers in order and match numbers to a group of objects. They will also learn to combine groups and take away. Children will explore shapes and patterns in a wide variety of practical contexts.

Understanding of the World



In this area of learning, children are developing the crucial knowledge, skills and understanding to make sense of the world in which they live. Children learn to explore and investigate objects and materials; observing carefully and asking questions about why things happen and how they work. Children find out about the uses of everyday technology and how it can be used to support their learning. Learning opportunities also help children to become aware of and explore their own customs and routines as well as those of others.

Expressive Arts and Design



This area of learning includes art, music, dance, role-play and imaginative play. Being creative enables children to make connections between one area of learning and another and so extend their understanding. Children learn to explore colour, texture, shape, form and space in two or three dimensions. They recognise and explore how sounds can be changed, sing songs, recognise repeated sounds, perform sound patterns and match movements to music. Children learn to use their imagination, express and communicate their ideas, thoughts and feelings in a range of ways in all elements of this area of learning. Through building and constructing with a range of objects and materials, children begin to develop key design and making skills.



Gorseland Primary School

Deben Avenue, Martlesham Heath, Suffolk, IP5 3QR            Phone: 01473 623790            Email: office@gorseland.net